Chad – Constitutional Order And Democratic Governance Post Idriss Deby

/, Nkafu Policy Institute/Chad – Constitutional Order And Democratic Governance Post Idriss Deby
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Time: July 8 2021 at 3:00 PM – 4:30 PM Cameroon Time 

Venue: The event will be held on ZOOM and streamed live on Facebook  (Register Here)


Chad is a desert nation named after lake Chad and surrounded by many countries facing severe security problems, like Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west. Idriss Déby Itno took over power from President Hissène Habré in December 1990 by leading a rebellion against the latter’s government. Déby survived numerous coups attempts and rebellions against his rule before winning elections in 1996 and 2001. He revised the constitution, and after eliminating term limits, he won elections in 2006, 2011, 2016, and 2021 before meeting his untimely death on the frontline when battling against rebels in 2021. For Déby’s 30 years in power, Chad has played the role of a military fulcrum in the escalating fight against armed groups in the Sahel and Central and West Africa. Déby’s military forces have been vital in the Sahel crisis, the fight against Boko Haram and its splinter groups in the Lake Chad region and beyond. Déby has intervened- from Darfur to Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and the Central African Republic. In fact, Chad’s military champions the G5 Sahel alliance (comprising of Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) that was created to combat armed militias operating in the region. Déby’s troops are considered as one of the most battle-hardened in the world. Irrespective of accusations for his dictatorship system of governance and allegations of grave human rights violations by his military, Chad has been very active in the fight against al-Qaeda and the Islamic State of Iran and Syria (ISIS) in the western portion of the Sahel and against Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin. The death of Idriss Déby and the naming of his son – Mahamat Idriss Déby as interim president is a move that has been applauded by many and heavily criticized by others as they describe this as an unconstitutional change of government.

It is with respect to this backdrop that the Peace and Security Division of the Nkafu Policy Institute seeks to better understand the modalities or measures that the AU can take to ensure a return to Constitutional Order in Chad while concurrently preserving the State’s security and territorial integrity.

Objectives of the Dialogue 

The event’s objective is to engage conflict and security experts, stakeholders and the general public in a discussion relating to the possible consequences that may arise following President Idriss Déby’s death. Also, this event is aimed at harnessing the possible ideas that the AU, other regional bodies and neighbouring States can implore to ensure a return to constitutional order in Chad.

Areas to be addressed include: 

  • Debates surrounding Déby’s sudden death 
  • Potential Instability in Chad (Constitutional Vs Unconstitutional change of government) 
  • Security concerns in the Sahel, Lake Chad Basin and beyond 
  • AU’s standpoint on the situation 
  • The position of CEMAC and other regional bodies 
  • The role other CEMAC, regional bodies and/or the international community can play in addressing the situation in Chad status-quo  

 Who should participate? 

This event is open to conflict and security experts, stakeholders and the general public both within and without Cameroon. It will bring together individuals from the public and private sectors, academia, civil society organizations, youth leaders, journalists, researchers, traditional authorities, religious leaders and human rights activists. In general, it will bring together resourceful stakeholders with the potentials and strategies to propose insightful information relating to the measures the AU can adopt in order to ensure the respect of the constitutional order and to ensure sustainable peace in Chad following Déby’s death. 

 Expected Output  

Based on the mission and vision of the Nkafu Policy Institute, information harnessed from the public dialogue coupled with that gotten from the in-depth discussions will be invested in the production of comprehensive and incisive evidence-based policy recommendations that can be implored by the AU Peace and Security Council and/or other bodies when adopting a definitive position on the measures to be taken in addressing the situation in Chad. 


Time: July 8 2021 at 3 PM Cameroon Time 

Venue: The event will be held on ZOOM and streamed live on Facebook  


This event will be organized by the Nkafu Policy Institute – a Think Tank at the Denis and Lenora Foretia Foundation. 

 Panelists and Moderator 

  • Dr. Lucien Toulou: Programme Advisor/Team Leader: Peace Consolidation and Democratic Institutions at UNDP Kinshasa Urban, Kinshasa, Congo (DRC)?
  •  Mr. Paddy Ezeala:  Publisher and Editor-in-Chief’ Development Agenda’ Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria 
  • Raissa Nouradine: Senior Journalist, Chad


Francis Tazoacha:  Director of Peace and SecurityNkafu Policy Institute, Cameroon


Denis & Lenora Foretia Foundation Tel: (+237) 22 31 15 84 / 654 86 72 54/ 698 64 55 24  [email protected] –  


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