Home Events The Conflict in Ethiopia – Where do we go from here?

The Conflict in Ethiopia – Where do we go from here?

The Conflict in Ethiopia – Where do we go from here?

Date: Tuesday, February 23rd

Time:  10:00am – 11:00am EST (4:00 pm – 5:30 pm GMT)

1. Overview
Political change is indispensable, but it is very vital through an evolution rather than a revolution. Political transitions rarely move forward with consistent, one-directional progress. It is normal that there will be resistance to reforms, both from those who previously held power and those who see a path towards power under a new dispensation. Tigrayans make up only six percent of Ethiopia’s population of 110 million, but they have had enormous influence in the country since leading the armed struggle that ousted the communist regime in 1991. But since Abiy Ahmed came to power in April 2, 2018, he vowed to distribute power more evenly, thus diminishing the Tigrayans’ political and economic domination. He equally carried out massive cracked down in the region by indiscriminately arresting both civilian and security officials from the region on corruption-related cases — leaving many Tigrayans angered and alienated.

The 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia states in Article 39.1, “Every Nation, Nationality, and People in Ethiopia has an unconditional right to self-determination,
including the right to secession.” In that light, some Tigrayans have entertained the idea of secession from Ethiopia. Others have taken the tack of pressing for more autonomy, and more freedom to promote their own language and culture. In that perspective, the Tigrayans held the parliamentary elections on September 9, 2020. The elections also included The Tigray Independence Party, which was recently formed, and which calls for secession. The election was considered illegal by the central government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who postponed general elections earlier in the year under the pretext of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Fighting between the TPLF and the Federal Government began with the 4 November attacks on the Northern Command bases and headquarters of the Ethiopian National Defence Force (ENDF) in Tigray Region by TPLF aligned security forces and with attacks by the ENDF in the Tigray Region on the same day, that federal authorities described as a police action. The federal forces took control of the Tigrayan capital Mekelle on November 28th, after which Prime Minister Abiy declared the Tigray operation ‘over’. The TPLF stated in late November that it would continue fighting until the ‘invaders’ are out.

Given this backdrop, the Nkafu Policy Institute of the Denis and Lenora Foretia Foundation seeks to better understand the root causes of this conflict, the ensuing humanitarian catastrophe, and avenues through which the conflict can be resolved. Areas to be addressed include:

  • Root causes of the conflict;
  • Federalism in Ethiopia and prospects for the future;
  • The humanitarian crisis in Tigray;
  • The state of human rights in the country;
  • How the conflict can be effectively resolved;
  • Role of IGAD countries, multilateral institutions, the European Union, the United States etc;

2. Date and Venue
February 23, 2021 at 10am EST (3pm GMT). The event will be held on ZOOM and streamed live

3. Panelists /Speakers

Prof. John Mukum Mbaku

Brady Presidential Distinguished Professor – Weber State, Non-Resident Senior Fellow – Brookings Institution

Amaka Anku

Practice Head – Africa, Eurasia Group

Dr. Mesenbet Assefa

Assistant Professor of Laws, Addis Ababa University

Abdullahi Boru Halakhe

Horn of Africa Analyst, Washington D.C

Esayas Hailemariam

Co-chair: Governance, Peace & Security (GPS- Justice), a thematic area of the Global Society of Tigray Scholars & Professionals (GSTS)

4. Moderator

Dr. Denis Foretia

Executive Chairman – Nkafu Policy Institute and Co-Chair – Denis & Lenora Foretia Foundation

5. Participants

The event will bring together public policy experts, policymakers at the national, continental, and international levels, and leaders of civil society organizations. It will be open to the general public with a session for Q&A.


The event is finished.


Feb 23 2021


4:00 PM - 5:30 PM

More Info

Read More


Zoom Online
Zoom Online


Foretia Team
[email protected]
Read More